In 15th Century France, Chocolate Could Only Be Eaten By Members Of The Royal Court.
Chocolateˈtʃɒklᵻt, –kəlᵻt is a typically sweet, usually brown food preparation of Theobroma Cacao seeds, roasted and ground. It is made in the form of a liquid, paste, or in a block, or used as a flavoring ingredient in other foods. Cacao has been cultivated by many cultures for at least three millennia in Mesoamerica. The earliest evidence of use traces to the Mokaya (Mexico and Guatemala), with evidence of chocolate beverages dating back to 1900 BCE. In fact, the majority of Mesoamerican people made chocolate beverages, including the Maya and Aztecs, who made it into a beverage known as xocolātl Nahuatl pronunciation: [ʃoˈkolaːt͡ɬ], a Nahuatl word meaning “bitter water”. The seeds of the cacao tree have an intense Bitter taste and must be Fermented to develop the flavor.
The Kingdom of France in the Middle Ages (roughly, from the 5th century to the middle of the 15th century; for the period before Hugh Capet‘s accession to the throne. In the Middle Ages in France, the vast majority of the population—between 80 and 90 percent—were peasants.
French power in the Middle Ages
Vassals and cadets of the King of France made several foreign acquisitions during the Middle Ages:
William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy (1066): conquered the Kingdom of England
The success of the First Crusade led to the creation of a Frankish kingdom in the Levant in 1099
Norman knights settled in Sicily, which was raised to a kingdom in 1130
Fulk V, Count of Anjou (1131): became King of Jerusalem by marriage
Afonso I of Portugal (1139): great-grandson of Robert I, Duke of Burgundy, and founder of the Kingdom of Portugal
Henry II of England (1154): ruled England and much of Western France (The Angevin Empire)
Alfonso II of Aragon, Count of Barcelona (1164): first Count of Barcelona to become King of Aragon in his own right
Theobald I of Navarre, Count of Champagne (1234): inherited the Kingdom of Navarre from his uncle
Charles I of Naples, Count of Anjou (1266): youngest son of Louis VIII of France, conquered the Kingdom of Naples and Sicily, proclaimed himself King of Albania
Charles I of Hungary (1301): scion of the Capetian House of Anjou, King of Hungary and Croatia
Henry VII, Holy Roman Emperor: became a vassal of Philip IV of France while Count of Luxembourg. Philip IV advanced the candidacy of his brother Charles of Valois for the imperial throne, but the German electors were unwilling to expand French influence even further. Henry was elected King of Germany in 1308 as a compromise candidate, and became emperor in 1312.
John of Bohemia (1310): son of Emperor Henry VII, he became of King of Bohemia by marriage. John was raised in Paris, and died fighting for the French in the Battle of Crécy
Philip III of Navarre, Count of Évreux (1328): became King of Navarre by marriage
Louis I of Hungary (1342): son of Charles I of Hungary, eventually became King of Poland in addition to the realms inherited from his father
Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor (1346): son of John of Bohemia, he received French education and resided in the French court for seven years. His close connection to the House of France facilitated the sale of Dauphiné, an imperial fief, in 1349, and its eventual transfer into the French crown.
Philip the Bold, Duke of Burgundy (1363): with his appanage of Burgundy and his marriage to the heiress of Flanders, he founded the House of Valois-Burgundy, the most powerful dynasty of the Middle Ages which is not of royal rank
January 10 Bittersweet Chocolate Day
February 19 National Chocolate Mint Day
March 24 National Chocolate Covered Raisin Day
May 15 National Chocolate Chip Day
June 22 National Chocolate Eclair Day
November 7 Bittersweet Chocolate with Almonds Day
December 16 National Chocolate Covered Anything Day
December 24 National Chocolate Day